By F.E. Bailey
A finished remedy of a giant kinfolk of polymers important in quite a lot of purposes in such fields as car, pharmaceutical, beauty, metal-working, mining, business coating, cloth, development, and residential furniture. Summarizes the chemistry and mechanisms; offers simple prepa
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4. S. Department of Health and Human Services, Fourth Annual Report on Carcinogens, NTP 85-002, Public Health Service, 1985. 5. 1047. 6. OSHA, 53 Federal Register 11414 (4/6/88); J. Coatings Tech. 60 (7):20 (1988). 7. G. D. Clayton and F. E. Clayton, Patty's Hygiene and Toxicology, V2B, Toxicology, John Wiley & Sons, New York, 1981, p. 3109. Page 25 8. K. M. :78–83 (October 1988). 9. A. Phatak, C. M. Burns, and R. Y. N. Huang, J. Appl. Polymer Sci. 34:1835 (1987). 10. T. L. Caskey, Mod. Plastics 45:148 (1967).
86:1176 (1878). 4. E. Roithner, Monatash 15:665 (1894). 5. H. Staudinger and O. Schweitzer, Ber. 62:2375 (1929). 6. H. Staudinger and H. Lohman, Ann. chim. 505:41 (1933). 7. I. G. Farbenindustrie A. G. Report, Reactivity of Ethylene Oxide, (9/6/29) in Field Information Agency Technical Report, The Manufacture of Ethylene Glycol, Polyglycols, Glycol Ethers, Ethylene Cyanhydrin, and Acrylonitrile, Phenyl Ethyl Alcohol and Related Derivatives of Ethylene Oxide in Germany, (J. D. Brander and R. S. Department of Commerce (1946).
A series of solvents is manufactured by reaction of alcohols, ROH, with propylene oxide to form polypropylene glycol ethers, where R may be methyl, butyl, or allyl, for example, and n may be 2 or 3. This reaction and that for higher molecular weight polyethers can be catalyzed with a caustic, usually potassium hydroxide. In addition, ethylene oxide can be used as a comonomer for both block and random copolymers, which find wide use as hydraulic fluids, textile lubricants, metal-working lubricants, and surfactants.