By John Warren
It is a re-creation of Elizabeth I: faith and international Affairs. This identify units the scene from 1541 charting the advancements of the Mid-Tudor situation from Henry VIII to Mary I. It then is going directly to study the succession of Elizabeth and her consolidation of strength, interpreting the political, spiritual, and armed forces threats, either exterior and inner, to her rule. the issues in the course of her ultimate years also are explored, and this name concludes by way of key subject matters and interpretations around the interval. through the ebook, key dates, phrases, and concerns are highlighted, and old interpretations of key debates are defined. precis diagrams are integrated to consolidate wisdom and figuring out of the period,
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They included stern warnings against pluralism, but this fell foul of the simple fact that there was a chronic shortage of priests. Edwardian ordinations were not accepted, and the clergy who refused to discard their wives would not be re-employed. He was therefore forced to grant 200 dispensations for pluralism. He tried to help these hard-pressed clergy by commissioning a new version of the New Testament and a new book of homilies, but these were not implemented before the end of the reign. In the view of Loades, the piety of the Marian church was not that of the Middle Ages, nor of the Counter-Reformation, but of the English humanists and reformers like Thomas More from the 1520s and early 1530s.
The second principle reﬂected the need to perform a tricky balancing act to keep her likely (Protestant) supporters and her potential (Catholic) opponents, if not happy, then at least not alienated until political circumstances made her less unwilling to tread on sensitive consciences at home and abroad. This is why the ﬁrst signs made by Elizabeth to her subjects and to foreign powers were cautious and not unduly strident. Elevation of the Host The Host is the wafer of bread consecrated by the priest which Catholics believe to be the body of Christ.
What were her options? First, she could maintain the Catholicism of Mary Tudor. This would have its advantages, since it would preserve the alliance with Catholic Spain, whose help she desperately needed in the continuing conﬂict with France and Scotland. However, there is little doubt that Elizabeth’s personal preference lay with Protestantism. Her surest supporters were Protestant, and she could not afford to abandon them. Also, failures in Marian propaganda and policy had enabled Protestants to link the burnings of martyrs with submission to Rome, and the policy of submission to Rome with subservience to Spain.